Тема: Sports./Keeping Fit.

Swimming.

Rob:             Hello, I’m Rob …
Callum:        And I’m Callum.
Rob:              And this is 6 Minute English from BBC Learning English. Today we’re talking  about swimming. Now, Callum, how old were you when you started to swim?
Callum:         I suppose, before ten. Before I was ten, I think.
Rob:               Quite young.
Callum:         Yes.
Rob:               Well, swimming is a very popular activity in the UK. According to a recent  survey, one in five adults in the UK cannot swim. What’s more, millions of  children in the UK can’t swim a length of a pool. I think most people recognise  that swimming is very important for safety and good for fitness. But maybe some people weren’t introduced to the water early enough and they don’t have  the confidence to start swimming later in life. In a moment we’ll hear from some people who coach swimming for adults and children, but first I have this week’s question for you, Callum.
Callum:        I thought you might.
Rob:               In 2007, the Slovenian swimmer Martin Strel broke his own world record for  long-distance swimming. But what distance did he swim?               Was it :
a)   3, 268 kilometres

b)   4, 268 kilometres

c)   5, 268 kilometres
Callum:         4, 268 kilometres. I say that. But I really don’t know.
Rob:               OK, well, we’ll see if you’re right at the end of the programme. First let’s hear  from the BBC reporter  Sophie van Brugen. She went  to  a swimming pool to  find  out  more  about  swimming  classes  for  adults  and  children.  Let’s have  a  listen  to  the  clip ;  how   many    children   does  she    say  have  taken    swimming classes in the last year?

Sophie van Brugen, BBC

Not everybody’s confident in the water, and many of us learn to swim later on in life. And in fact experts now say that the best time to learn is when we’re babies and children. And in the last year alone, over 300,000 little ones have gone through classes.

Rob:              She says that over 300,000 little ones have taken swimming classes.
Callum:        By ‘little ones’ of course she means children or toddlers. Toddlers are children who are just learning to walk – usually when they’re about 2 years old.
Rob:              That’s right. And the best time to learn how to swim is when you’re a baby.
Callum:        That makes sense. I think a lot of babies are natural swimmers, so it’s good for them to be in the water from an early age.
Rob:              As long as they’ve got the proper supervision !
Callum:        Definitely !   To   supervise     means     to   watch    over   something.     The    noun  supervision     is when    someone     watches     over   someone   else,  like  a  parent watching over, taking care of a child.
Rob:              It really is natural for babies to be in the water. As long as they have the proper supervision, babies as young as three months old can start swimming. We have a clip  from baby swimming teacher  Jenni May. She says that if babies spend time  swimming  from  the  earliest  opportunity,  it  becomes  second  nature  for them to be in the water.
Callum:        Second nature. This is when you do something so often that it becomes totally            natural  to  you.   So  when    a  child  starts  to  swim   very   early  on,   swimming  becomes second nature to them.
Rob:              OK,  let’s listen to the  clip. Listen  out  for the phrase second  nature, and  see how she uses it in context.

Jenni May, swimming teacher
When they’re under six months it’s just almost a natural thing for them to be under the water. And then it just becomes second nature to them so as they’re older, they don’t know any different then being under the water and being wet.

Rob:              So if a baby starts swimming early enough, it becomes second nature to them  and they don’t know any different from being under water and being wet.
Callum:        But what about people who don ‘t learn to  swim when they’re young? The one  in five British adults who can’t swim – what can they do?
Rob:              Ah,   well   there   are  a  number    of  schemes     to  encourage    people    to  swim,   including  the  BBC’s  ‘Big  Splash’ campaign, which  celebrates  swimming  and   wants to get more people into the water, whether they’re adults or children.
Callum:        The Big Splash campaign. A splash is the sound that’s made when something  hits water. You can hear the word making the same sound –Splaasssssh !
Rob:               It’s a great word. And there are lots of classes for adults to learn how to swim ! Vicki Carter, who teaches swimming to adults, told the BBC about some of the  techniques she uses to encourage people to swim. She suggests diving down for bricks and going through hoops as two methods   to make swimming more fun.
Callum:       To dive here means to go under the surface of the water. And it can also mean  to jump head-first  into water. And a hoop is a circular band, usually made of   metal or plastic. So she suggests diving down for bricks or swimming through  hoops as a way to make swimming more interesting.
Rob:             Right, it’s time to go back to today’s question, Callum. The Slovenian swimmer  Martin Strel broke the world record for long-distance swimming  in 2007. But  what was his record-breaking distance?

Was it :
d)   3, 268 kilometres
e)   4, 268 kilometres
f)   5, 268 kilometres
Callum:       Well, I chose 4, 268 kilometres but it’s just a guess. They are all extraordinary   long distances.
Rob:             Well, he actually swam 5,268 kilometres along the length of the Amazon River to break his own world record. Incredible! OK, well we’re almost at the end of the  programme,  so  Callum  could  you  remind  us  of  some  of the  vocabulary we’ve heard in today’s programme?
Callum:        Of course! We had:
Toddlers
To supervise
Supervision
Second nature
Splash
To dive
Hoops
Rob:             Thanks,  Callum.  If you’ve  enjoyed  today’s programme,  why  not  write to  us  about  your   favourite  places   to  swim,   or  ways   to  make   swimming     more    interesting, for children and adults. See you next time !
Both:           Bye!

—————————————————————

Vocabulary and definitions

toddlers                                   children who have just learned to walk

to supervise                            to  watch  over  a person  or  an  activity they  are  doing  and   make sure it is done correctly

supervision                             the act of supervising people or their activities

second nature                        something which you can do easily and naturally

splash                                      the sound made when something hits the water

to dive                                     to jump into water, usually head-first

hoops                                      large rings made of wood, metal or plastic

More on this story:         http://www.bbc.co.uk/sportrelief/bigsplash/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport 1/hi/swimming/14666365.stm

Read and listen to the story online:

http ://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/general/sixminute/2011/ 09/ 110908_6min_english_swimming_page.shtml

6 Minute English                                                                     © bbclearningenglish.com 2011

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